Just So You Know: This web page is a pool of secure solace and quiet. It sells nothing, collects no data and sets no cookies. No scripts are running, and no ads, pop-up windows, or automatic audio/video feeds will assault you. It is written in simple human readable HTML code using a free, UNIX-style, text editor: VIM.

NOTES: Links and picture blow-ups, all open in a new browser window.   Where appropriate, notes (from my mom and her mom) on the back of some photos have been reproduced.   The hi-resolution images are about 1.5 Mb each and may take a while to load if you are on a slow connection.

Last Update: 20220531 20220501 20211201 20210606   The text below was compiled and written (500,000+ characters) over many years by me, Dan Martin, and with the help of my sister and other interested visitors.  This is a work in progress and there are changes still to come.

ATTENTION: A humbling testament to both personal and national honor is to be found on the website The Honor Guard of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetary.   These men dedicate their entire lives to a stainless standard beyond any other call so that they may more fully honor the fallen unknowns.

"The goal of the Society [of The Honor Guard, Tomb of the Unknown Soldier] is to make certain that the individuals that made the ultimate sacrifice of their life for our freedom are not forgotten, and that the general public understands this price of freedom."

Below are photos and other memories of two guys named Bob.  Both were World War II heroes, and both are honored in the National  World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.   If you visit the website link, you will be able to search the electronic World War II Registry of Americans who contributed to the war effort, and also add the name of a loved one or special comrade in arms.

  hi-res  At left is Bob my father-in-law, pictured in late 2004 with his great grandson Luke.   Robert "Bob" Todd passed away Sunday August 10th 2014.   Bob and his wife of 73 years lived in Loveland CO.

Bob fought with the 3rd army in The Battle of the Bulge under General Patton. Bob's duty was to drive a 10-ton wrecker vehicle - a giant of a machine with a big crane on the back.  He tells me that it was higher than most trees and could be seen from a great distance.  The Germans could spot it from afar and they would use it to range-in their artillery.  Bad job to have...

At the wars end, Bob helped liberate the walking corpses from the obscene  Mauthausen  concentration camp, and several others as well.  He has many pictures and even more memories of these horrible times.  It is still unbearable for him to speak of or review these things, but perhaps one day he will share some of them with us.  Meanwhile, enjoy the war relics shown below that he somehow acquired from the shambles of the German High Command.  The greatest treasure of all is that Bob - World War II hero extrordinaire - is still with us, and still smiling, on Veteran's Day, 2012. My hometown paper in Longmont, CO carried a very nice story about Bob in early 2011 (click here). (Sorry the link is no longer active)

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"The saviors come not home tonight: Themselves they could not save."
-- scribbled in a soldier's diary.

On Oct. 27, 1947, thousands of caskets were unloaded from a ship in New York. The bodies of soldiers from the European theater, writes Rick Atkinson in his book 'The Guns at Last Light',

"then traveled by rail in a great diaspora across the republic for burial in their hometowns." Three young men, killed between the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 and April 1945 in Germany two weeks before the war in Europe ended, were destined for Henry Wright's Missouri farm: "Gray and stooped, the elder Wright watched as the caskets were carried into the rustic bedroom where each boy had been born. Neighbors kept vigil overnight, carpeting the floor with roses, and in the morning they bore the brothers to Hilltop Cemetery for burial side by side by side beneath an iron sky."
A U.S. infantryman wrote, "No war is really over until the last veteran is dead," - This war has not ended: About 400 World War II veterans, almost half a battalion, are dying each day. This Bob still remains with us - for a short time, now - a participating eyewitness to a time that some are saying never even happened.

  As this national treasure of heroes slips away, the enemies within seek to poison the roots from which freedom springs for our Republic. Have you read The United States Constitution?

Perhaps there is still hope for our nation, hollowed from within by greed and corruption. In his vigil at Omaha Beach, D-Day 2014, this young patriot gives hope to those of us who despair the future of the [once] 'land of the free and home of the brave.' Watch his tribute to the memory of those who fought for freedom in this moving YouTube video.

"For I dipt into the future, far as human eye could see,
Saw the Vision of the world, and all the wonder that would be;
Saw the heaven fill with commerce, argosies of magic sails,
Pilots of the purple twilight, dropping down with costly bales;
Heard the heavens fill with shouting, and there rained a ghastly dew
From the nationís airy navies grappling in the central blue"

- Alfred,Lord Tennyson (1809-1892)

  hi-res  Lt Robert James Crutcher (my "Uncle Bob") gave his life fighting for freedom in 1944.   He died in a bombing run over Hamburg Germany 12 days after D-Day (also known as the Battle of Normandy).  At left he is pictured at 18 in his high school graduation photo.  A handsome lad to be sure.   'His hair was not scarlet, purple, orange, or blue.  Not a trace of a piercing or a tattoo, but his heart was flowing with the red, white, and blue'.
I think he looked a lot like me in my own senior graduation picture, taken 20 years later in 1958.

After he graduated from high school, Uncle Bob attended  Kansas University  in Lawrence, Kansas, for two years and also worked briefly for the Federal Reserve bank in Kansas City, Missouri.  He volunteered for the Army the day after Perl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese.  In those days, all pilots and aircraft were assigned to the  Army Air Force  (the United States Air Force would not come into existence until 1947).  You can see in the first picture the primitive design of his training aircraft.  Unfortunately no photogtraphic record exists of his being a test pilot for the incredible Lockheed  P-38 Lightning fighter plane, fearfully referred-to by the enemy as the Fork-Tailed Devil.  For reasons now lost to history, Bob rapidly migrated into the role of a B-17 bomber pilot.  

In exciting, relatively recent historical developments,

  • (1) A literally deep-frozen P-38 was recovered in 1992 from under 260 feet of glacial ice in Greenland.  Now appropriately known as "Glacier Girl," it was part of a 1942 mission to ferry much need fighter planes (P-38s) and heavy bombers (B-17s) from the U.S. via a route from Canada to Greenland, to Iceland, and on to England.  This group of aircraft became lost in dense clouds over Greenland and eventually each crashed after running out of fuel.  In the ensuing 50 years, all were encased under hundreds of feet of snow and ice.  (map courtesy of

    In a surprising wink of God's eye, scientists at Denver National Ice Core Laboratory in Denver Colorado have "proven" that Glacier Girl is over 3,000 years old!  Such a revelation could call into question every scientific assertion as to the age of anything.  The earth may not be millions and millions of years old as science claims...

  • (2) A nearly perfect P-38 emerged in 2007 from its tomb of 65 years from beneath the sands of a remote beach in Wales, England, where it had crash-landed in 1942 after running out of fuel.  This aircraft, now know as the "Maid of Harlech," is among a precious few surviving P-38s and the only intact P-38F in original condition.  (photo courtesy of

  • (3) I found a web page that shows many images of rare WW-II era USA experimental aircraft

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    Bob was stationed at several airfields during his training, among them Colorado Springs CO and Bakersfield CA.  He qualified for all the required ratings, and at the end was granted the coveted "wings", a small pin that signified its proud wearer was a certified pilot in the AAF.   The photo at the railroad station shows Ross Crutcher (Bob's father), me, Bob, and my mom.  Bob would soon be off to England and into the thick of War.
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    Uncle Bob, by that time in England, and some of his flying buddies:
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    The  B-17 "flying fortress" bomber was the both the workhorse and the enforcer of the Allied air strategy.

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    ABOVE: The second picture, originally a tiny 2x3" print, had the aircraft name and identifying numbers redacted for security purposes.  The attempt mostly failed because in the hi-res scan done 60 years later, we can clearly see the name of the ship and plenty of identifying marks.  Little could the authorities of that time have imagined the power that today's digital processing brings to bear on the past. My Uncle Bob eventually became a B-17 Command Pilot, and led entire squadrons of these craft in bombing raids over the Hun (German) homeland. He named his first ship "Smilin' Thru", or perhaps "Smiling Through" as my Mom's handwriting says in the pic at far right. Uncle Bob is in the center of crew the B-17 as shown in the right center photo above.

    ABOVE: I received an email in late December 2012 from Luke St.Blanc with an awesome photo (leftmost) of the real "Smilin' Thru." attached. Luke's grandfather, William H. Hebert (shown on the far left), was part of the maintenence crew responsible for this magnificent aircraft. An internet search revealed the ships Serial Number as 42-29784 - with additional information which I gathered into this text file.

    Regardless of the true name (which may not have ever been shown in the noseart) of the B-17 in which he died, Uncle Bob's ship was heavily damaged by anitaircraft ground fire.   The story goes that the valiant crew were able to nurse the crippled B-17 back over the channel to English soil where it crash landed. Ditto the same story for several subsequent B-17s that Uncle Bob commanded. Perhaps no one will ever know if there were two B-17s named some version of Smilin' Thru - but be there one, two (or many) we all agree that all these B-17s were manned by heroic men.

    ALERT: In July 2005, I was able to get some excellent photos of a surviving B-17.

    Watch this beautiful HD video of a B-24 and B-17 in flight.

    Their Final Hours...
    By June 1944 Bob had already fulfilled all 25 of his required bombing missions (he could then return to the United States),  but the mop-up after the massive D-Day operation demanded that he fly just one more...
      hi-res  A different time, a different B-17, a different crew. My "Uncle Bob" is the one in the center with the inside prop blade pointing at his hat.   hi-res  The final crew before the final hours: Lt. Robert J. Crutcher (my "Uncle Bob") is center, back row. To his right is Captain Donald Allen. [Photo courtesy:
    92nd USAAF-USAF Mem. Ass'n]
    Much valuable information resides in
    your Emails to this website. Unavoidably, there is some uncertainty about much of this history and we are losing hundreds of WWII vets a month who might still know the details first hand. As this national treasure of heroes slips away, the enemies within seek to poison the roots from which freedom springs: The USA Constitution.
      Last letter Bob wrote to his Dad (the envelope). Air Mail stamps were only six cents back then.   hi-res  Last letter to his Dad,
    mailed 04 May 1944 (Page 1)
    "I am a 1st Lt. and have been as of Dec 15th [1943]..."
      hi-res  Last letter to his Dad (Pages 2-3)
    "Received the Air Medal and Cluster - been on 12 raids ..."
      hi-res  In 1946, author John S. Sloan published his WW-II memories of the 92nd Bomber Group in the book "The Route As Briefed." Uncle Bob was mentioned by name on page 111 of this book, a paragraph from which is directly quoted in the two panels at right: "The Luftwaffe was less in evidence than ever before during June [1944] but there was plenty of flak. Over Hamburg on June 18, a direct burst struck the nose of the deputy lead aircraft, killing Capt Robert J. Crutcher of the 327th Bombardment Squadron, co-pilot, and... ...severely injuring the pilot and other crew members. The ship was landed safely on the English coast, a tribute to the courage, stamina, and flying skill of Lt Charles W. Hodges of the 326th Squadron, the pilot, whose foot had been blown off by the burst." Handwritten comments on the page are by my mom (Bob's sister, Dorothy).
      The 92nd Bombardment Group Newsletter from December 1989 covered B-17 missions from 25 October 1943 to the end of August, 1944. Page 1  hi-res  
    Page 2  hi-res   Page 3  hi-res 
      hi-res  "An 88 mm [shell] ... had come in ... taking [pilot] Hodges right leg off and exploding along the left side of Lt. Crutchers head, killing him at once." This is page 4 of that newsletter which describes in detail their 19th Mission, flown on 18 June 1944.   hi-res  "...the plane filled up with vapor as we slid across the field..." Page 5 finishes up the report of the 19th Mission of 18 June 1944. Subsequent missions are also described on this page, through late August 1944.
      hi-res  Flak damage. Because Lt.Crutcher was "command pilot" he was actually coordinating the entire squadron of B-17s by radio.
    [Photo courtesy:
    92nd USAAF-USAF Mem. Ass'n]
    The 88mm shell (about 3.5" diameter) caused extensive damage to the cockpit of Lt. Crutcher's plane, as shown by photos in the two panels, left and right.   hi-res  The B-17 in which Lt. Crutcher was killed was actually being flown by Lt. Charles Hodges, who lost a leg in the explosion. [Photo courtesy:
    92nd USAAF-USAF Mem. Ass'n]
      hi-res  A letter from an an eyewitness on the fatal mission about Bob's death. Another eyewitness related events of that fateful day page 1  hi-res   page 2  hi-res)
    "...but such is the way of God,"
    - Harold W. Rollig (Bob's friend)
        Final Mission Report


    --The video is high quality (much in color) and extensively narrated. Here is the YouTube link: WWII_UK_1940s.
    A note from Bobbi Norman (my sister, Uncle Bob's niece) regarding Uncle Bob's Final Flight:
    "PFF stands for Path Finder Force, the [then] new radar [tech] for finding targets. Our Uncle Bob's B-17 was one of the first so equipped.
    The thumbnail at left is a screen grab of Rob Hutching's message to me (click to read it). The documentary [Doc Furniss] film mentioned shows Uncle Bob's plane making a belly landing. I am in the process of watching the [Furniss] video now and haven't gotten to that part yet. The commentary about the PFF is at minute 38 in the film."

    0:14:28 Briefly shows a pilot (on your left) that looks very much like (and maybe even is) our Uncle Bob. He often wore a moustache in those days.
    0:23:40 An excellently executed, and very smooth, belly landing...
    0:25:48 Another belly landing, this time on one wheel...
    0:52:57 Bob's B-17 immediately after Belly Landing showing extensive Flak Damage. Still photos of the same aircraft are shown in high resolution in "Their Final Hours" table above.

    Here is more information on the secret radar Path Finder Force.

    hi-res Shown at left is a scan of a letter written in 1996 (but probably never sent) by Bob's sister Dorothy. In it she shares some memories of the 1943/1944 New Year, where she hoped to catch a last, midnight glimpse of her brother Bob as he boarded a train at Kansas City's Union Station... - A journey that would ultimately return him to England and his subsequent death only months later. Several newspaper clippings from The Kansas City Star and a map of Allied bombings are shown below:

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    Listen to this moving D-Day Prayer (6Mb .mp3) as given by President Franklin Roosevelt.  View this video of President Ronald Reagan honoring the D-Day dead of Normandy on June 06 1984 (40th Anniversary).  Public prayers to God led by a US President will probably never be heard again, due to the constraints imposed by rampant Political Correctness.  You will also enjoy this D-Day prayer introduction (1.6Mb .mp3) from noted historian and House Speaker Newt Gingrich. Now, hear this audio tour of the memorial (10Mb .mp3) for Franklin Roosevelt, also authored by Newt Gingrich.

     HALLOWED GROUND After his death, Uncle Bob's mother Ruby traveled to England and stayed there several years.  She attended many of the ongoing ceremonies at the Cambridge American Military Cemetery - a place where thousands of young American warriors found rest - including Ruby's only son -after an untimely end to their life's journey.  The base of the 72-foot flagpole in front of the Visitors' Building carries an inscription taken from John McCrae's poem In Flanders Fields: "...To You From Failing Hands We Throw The Torch - Be Yours To Hold It High."  The sad and lonely sound of TAPS has been played for them for five generations.   You can download an .mp3 file of Taps from here.  Play it in remembrance of them again, right now, won't you?

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      On a cold winter's night,
      For these heros in dreamless sleep,
      We pray, oh dear God, their souls to keep...


    18 months after Bob's death, my mom (Bob's sister) did the illustrations for a short story "Peace I Give Unto You" in a Catholic magazine. Mom used an actual photograph of Bob to draw his perfect likeness. The author used "Marianne" as the name of the fictional Bob's girlfriend while, In life, the living Bob's girlfriend was named Jo Anne.

    Here are the four pages of the story, scanned 72 years later from the original, now falling apart, magazine:


      hi-res. I was there with my mom and grandma Ruby (Bob's mother) for the dedication of the Kansas University Memorial Carillon and Campanile tower in 1951, and years later in 1958 as shown in this photo.   I passed through the doors of that same tower during an incoming Freshman ceremony at Kansas University in 1958, and again on graduation night in spring of 1962.  Both times, and every time on dozens of visits since, I have stopped and located the name of Uncle Bob inscribed among the other KU alums who died in World War II.  I thank God for him and the sacrifice he and so many - too many - others have made for America both before, since, and yet to come.  I spit on the soul of any person born on American soil who has, or does, or will, publicly disparage the memory of our fallen war heroes.

      hi-res  Uncle Bob's body was eventually taken from England and reburied in south Kansas City, Missouri, along with his father and mother.  Through the years, Bob's father Ross, his mother Ruby, my eldest son Scott Martin, and later my father George Martin would join Uncle Bob at that place in final repose. Bob's sister Dorothy Elizabeth Martin (my own Mom) died in early 2013 (age: 97) and is buried next to her brother, her father Ross Crutcher, her mother Ruby Crutcher, husband George L. Martin, and my first son, Scott Robert Martin (born 19630512 died 19831009).

      2022 Update:
    For 20 years I had kept boxes of Uncle Bob's personal effects, photos, and paper files. In 2018 Sheryl & I moved from Colorado to Arizona and we had to seriously downsize. I gave most of Bob's files and photos to my sister Roberta Norman and most of his personal effects to my youngest son, Brian K. Martin. Included was this vintage cigarette lighter, now some 80+ years old. It carries the WW-II Army Air Force logo. This is an authentic artifact of the highest order. It was found in Bob's flight suit when his crewmates carried his body from the terminally damaged B-17 that somehow carried him back home to England. Neither would ever fly again. So ended the Final Mission of two heroes that day: One flesh and one mechanical. God bless them both. Amen.

    76 years later, Brian and his youngest son George L. Martin restored that lighter to fully functional condition. Thank you Brian and George for showing this final honor to my Uncle Bob. Every time you strike its flame, reflect a moment on the brave young man who must used it to light one last smoke on the flight line - long before you even lived. He was Command Pilot of an entire squadron of B-17s, and his was the lead plane of dozens that took off that morning. Remember that his DNA runs from me down through your own veins. He died for us in his youth (leaving a girl he had asked to marry back home) to protect the Freedom we now enjoy, That Freedom was bought with a heavy, heavy price...



      hi-res  These are pictures of Uncle Bob taken only scant weeks before he died.  The horrors of war have aged him beyond his years: he looks 40 but was only 24.  Compare to his senior high school photo further above (taken only six years before).  The War had already stolen his youth, but even such a price was not enough.  The ultimate payment was still to be demanded.

    The song  Fountain Of Sorrow, (4.2 Mb .mp3 - Joan Baez) just seemed to flood into my mind (I had not heard it in years) as I was pulling this tribute together.  Be they a nudge from my creative muse, or an inspiration from beyond, the words from it now seem so appropriate that they should be documented here:

    "Looking through some photographs I found inside a drawer
     I was taken by a photograph of you
     There were one or two I know that you would have liked a little more
     But they didn't show your spirit quite as true

     You were turning 'round to see who was behind you
     And I took your childish laughter by surprise
     And at the moment that my camera happened to find you
     There was just a trace of sorrow in your eyes"

    Here is Uncle Bob, in England at the controls of his B-17,
    turning 'round to see who was behind him,
    and at the moment that the camera happened to find him
    there was indeed just a trace of sorrow in his eyes.

    In the full context of this young hero's death, I think these phrases from the final chorus of the original 1974 Jackson Browne recording (6.5 Mb .mp3) are so poignant and meaningful that they too must shared with you:

     "Fountain of sorrow, fountain of light
     You've known that hollow sound of your own steps in flight
     You've had to struggle, you've had to fight
     To keep understanding and compassion in sight
     You could be laughing at me, you've got the right
     But you go on smiling so clear and so bright"

    Bob's father, Ross Crutcher, shown here in 1947 was, I believe, a deeply unhappy - but still a very proud - man at the time of Bob's death.  His gaunt and weary face shows he must have been still grieving the loss of his only son.  In 1947, Ross was living in Philadelphia - five years separated from his wife (Ruby) and daughter (my mother, Dorothy).  He had only a 4th grade education and was working as a clerk among far younger, and college-educated, peers. By no means could his life then be anything but grinding and futile,
    yet of such men had many heros been fathered...

    At left are scans from the many letters sent to well-wishers, only weeks after Bobs death, by his dad. His responses show both dignity and class, unlike the public spectacle of how some parents seem to grieve their loss in the year 2005 - as exampled by the hateful and embarassing antics of war-mom now turned anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan.

    In 1992 my Mom wrote me a letter regardng her brother and their father, Ross. Below I quote the final two paragraphs of a letter written on Christmas Eve, 1992, by Dorothy E. Martin to me her son, Daniel R. Martin:

    Ross Crutchers greatest heartbreak was the loss of his only son, Robert James Cruteher, in the D-Day invasion of World War Il, He was a Command Pilot, of 92nd Bom!/Group, Bth Air Force, stationed in England. He had 52 Flying Fortress Bombers under his command-,lO men to each ship...520 mens lives he was responsible for on his bombing runs. The name of "CRUTCIIER" was lost with Bobs death. I was a Crutcher , of course, but f became a Martin when I marcied. . . .but you and your children and your childrens children/ carry the Crutcher genes. [ ] I gave Bob .his tiger eye ring for his graduation L93?. I didn't have much money then, but he loved his ring and it was on him at the hour of his death. ft was returned to his mother, as was his watch. I know you treasure his watch and ring as much as his mother and sister have. You have lost a son and I like to think Ross and Bob and Scott are together, looking down on us in your home on the Eve of Christmas. Love Mom

    If yuo want to read all of Mom's letter to me, here is Page 1, and Page 2 (both are .pdf files).

    hi-res Yes, Uncle Bob had a girl back home. Her name was JoAnn, and they were to be married on his return to America. Surely his Dad, Ross, had enough to grieve about without having to write that last letter to the beautiful young woman who would now never be Bob's wife. My Mom told me many, many years later that she hoped her brother Bob had fathered a child by an English woman, who might one day find our family. How sad, sad it all is...

    An unknown someone, Jack Minor, submitted Uncle Bob's name to the WWII Memorial (see picture at left).  I would like to thank him but don't know how to get in touch.  So if you are the one, please  email me (see below) and let me know how you knew Uncle Bob.  Were you a fellow service man, a high school friend?   Even if you are not Jack Minor, but know how to reach him, or have other related information, please forward this link along to him and/or email me (see below) with more information.  Thank you.

    Here are some additional WWII aircraft pictures, most in color.

    The B-17 and B-24 bombers were not the only ones to terrorize our enemies.

    The B-25 was also a formidible power in World War II. Here is a web page that comemorates the ill fated Dolittle Raid on the Japanese homeland in April 1942. FINAL TOAST

    Citizens of the United States of America, of EVERY political party and ideology, should always remember, respect, and preserve the timeless wisdom of the Framers of the US Constitution. Here is a link to some of it Click Here

    The Wisdom of the Founders is embodied in the Declaration Of Independence and the other Founding Documents. The 56 Men who signed the Declaration of Independence all paid a High Price to ensure Freedom for all Generations of Americans to come. To see what happened to them, Click Here

    And, as this .html code was finalized on July 3rd 2018, I give youa link from which you can hear the Pledge of Allegiance (an .mp3 file) as read by the late Red Skelton.

    A full dress white-glove salute, executed smartly and held long,
    to honor these and all brave men in USA uniforms - Past, Present, and Future.

    God bless America.

    With Love and Highest Respect,

    Dan Martin
    Longmont, CO

    email: dan at dansher dot com

     In Red Skelton's own, heartfelt words:  The Pledge of Allegiance (4 Mb .mp3)